Renewable Ocean Energy
The 5 main types of Renewable Ocean Energy
Other energies are exploitable at sea but are not strictly speaking coming from the water:
- Wind turbine fixed on the bottom of the ocean
- Wind turbine fixed on platforms on the ocean surface
Renewable ocean energy: at the crossroad between development and diversification
Renewable energy has colossal production potential in terms of energy, but can also provide employment, energy security and technological progress for production and storage infrastructures.
Renewable ocean energy is actually a whole subcategory of renewable energy. Currently, most of our renewable ocean energy comes from wind turbines. The first phase of wind energy involved anchoring the wind turbines to the ocean floor, which naturally limited possibilities. This then gave way to floating wind turbines, which require less infrastructure and can be installed in deeper waters.
Although wind energy is currently the most developed type of renewable energy, tidal and wave energy are also expanding, as is thermal energy conversion and, to a lesser extent, osmotic power. These energy farms are set to expand further and will take over part of the maritime and coastal space – with the exception of tidal energy, which is too invasive to be a priority.
Integration and preservation
Integrating these new industrial elements into the landscape and meshing them with preexisting practices is raising both questions and concerns. We must find a sustainable way to safeguard the current dynamics of these spaces while fostering renewable ocean energy.
In order to achieve this, we must be familiar with the topic so as to be able to discuss it with everyone concerned, as only open, genuine, and transparent dialogue can provide a maximum guarantee. We must, as soon as possible, take the full measure of the local challenges involved.
This is necessary to fully develop renewable ocean energy infrastructure in such a way as to imbed it in the environmental, social, and economic fabric which will then assimilate it.
A need to evolve and engage in dialogue
A booklet authored for citizens explains the stakes of the energy transition and the urgency for renewable energy research. The purpose of this document is to address the collective challenge of mitigating climate change and to encourage citizens to engage in consultation processes in these areas.
A study for contracting authorities (local authorities, states or private operators) explains the elements and importance of public consultation. This report presents the major obstacles to dialogue, proposes areas of improvement, and structures its recommendations around five major challenges.